REPORT: Volume 1 Issue 18

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • The CCP Central Committee has issued a new CCP Accountability Provision, which is designed to ensure that every CCP committee, committee of discipline inspection, and CCP organization holds themselves and those under their supervision accountable to the Party and the people. The provision marks an important effort to eliminate misconduct, evidenced by its prominence in Party mouthpiece People’s Daily.
  • Chinese state and CCP diplomacy continue to focus on building support for China’s position on the South China Sea dispute. Chinese Vice President Li Yuanchao sought to ensure cooperation from Laos on the issue during his meeting with the country’s defense minister, given its hosting of the first major round of ASEAN diplomacy since the South China Sea arbitration ruling at the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague.

PROPAGANDA WORK

Xi Jinping Makes Inspection Tour of Ningxia Province

Xinhua

7.19:  Xi Jinping made an inspection tour of Ningxia, making a stop in a mosque in the Hui autonomous region. While there, Xi stated that China’s multiethnic and multi-faith state developed out of its 5,000 year-long history, and exhorted his audience to continue the tradition of patriotism and love of faith. The Hui believers expressed their determination to conscientiously implement the spirit of the April 2016 National Conference on Religious Affairs held in Beijing. Xi also inspected agricultural ventures for poverty reduction as well as the world’s largest coal liquefaction plant, the Ningdong Energy & Chemical Base, which is currently under construction. Xi emphasized during his inspection tour that the realization of the Chinese Dream strongly depends on the efforts of China’s working class.

Xi Jinping Delivers Speech on Flood Control and Disaster Relief

China Spiritual Civilization Net

7.21:  Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the East West Poverty Assistance Cooperation Conference in Yinchuan, Ningxia on the importance of government and citizen engagement in flood control and disaster relief. He emphasized that the Party, and particularly the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and the People’s Armed Police (PAP), have long been committed to ensuring people’s safety through flood control and disaster relief efforts. Xi said that Party committees at all levels must work to implement disaster relief plans, and work to improve disaster prediction methods. He also emphasized the need to protect personnel involved in disaster relief, and to prioritize the protection of children and the elderly. Xi explained the importance of coordination between military and civilian workers in the event of a disaster. Lastly, Xi said that water conservancy must be a focus of every disaster relief plan. He concluded that strengthening disaster prevention and relief will ensure economic and social development, as well as social stability.

UNITED FRONT WORK

CPPCC Holds Meeting to Discuss Upgrading of China’s Northeastern Industrial Sector

Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

7.20:  CPPCC members, provincial representatives, and academic specialists shared their views on the issue of upgrading China’s northeastern industrial sectors at a CPPCC meeting in Beijing. National Development and Reform Commission Deputy Director He Lifeng (何立峰) introduced the topic, and members from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the China Banking Regulatory Commission, and the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC) were in attendance, as were relevant members from the CCP Central Committee and State Council.  The meeting emphasized the importance of an effective revitalization strategy for the region; despite some successes, the region is facing new challenges.  State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) reform will be the focus of the strategy to address five problems: properly solving liability problems for enterprise investors, reforming corporate governance, improving social security, relieving SOEs of the burden of operating social programs, and addressing the problem of collectively-owned factories. The meeting concluded that speeding up the development of the reform plan’s details will restore the roots of the region’s industry; it will also draw it into the nationwide development strategy, improve the business climate and vitality of the private sector, and enhance the region’s financial and fiscal support. Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli (张高丽) emphasized Xi Jinping’s principles of supply-side reform: improving quality, efficiency, and improving the structure of the system.

PARTY DISCIPLINE

CCP issues “CCP Accountability Provision”

Xinhua, Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

7.17:  Xinhua reports that the CCP Central Committee has issued a “CCP Accountability Provision” (中国共产党问责条例) and demanded that all departments thoroughly implement the new policy from the Party center. The announcement pointed out that to advance CCP discipline work is the Party’s strategic plan and the key focus of General Secretary Xi Jinping. The CCP Central Committee is to use Party accountability as the tool to ensure CCP discipline. The regulation is based on the Party Constitution, and is meant to advance the thorough implementation of the spirit of Xi’s important speeches, strengthen CCP leadership, and fulfill the CCP’s historic mission, the article claimed. The announcement emphasized that CCP committees and departments at all levels have to understand the intentions of the CCP Central Committee and establish political awareness, overall situational awareness, core awareness, and conformity awareness in order to study, promote, and implement the “Regulation.” The release of the new regulation marks an important development in discipline work; at recent conferences on the topic, Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) Wang Qishan (王岐山) explained that the provision is designed to unify thoughts and send a strong signal that every CCP committee, committee of discipline inspection, and CCP organization must implement an accountability policy. Wang stated that the foundation of loyalty toward the CCP is for Party cadres to be held accountable.

People’s Daily Commentator: Power Requires Responsibility

People’s Daily

7.19:  An authoritative article published by a People’s Daily commentator (人民日报评论员) discussed the recently promulgated CCP Accountability Provision, calling it an important step towards: creating a system of accountability, creating a powerful deterrent to irresponsible and improper behavior, and ensuring that the Party remains strong and effective. Leading cadres must be made to understand that power is entrusted to them by the people and should only be used for their benefit, the piece stated. The provision was said to be a warning to the Party that dereliction of duty will result in accountability, and that if one enters the Party one is responsible to the Party and the people. There are currently cadres who only seek power and do not fulfill their obligations, the piece stated. The policy was said to address the inadequacies of the Party discipline system, the tendency for government policies to be inadequately implemented, the improper supervision of personnel, and the spread of corruption. The commentator emphasized that provincial and municipality committees must hold themselves accountable, and not just those beneath their authority.

Under Investigation This Week:

CCDI

7.19:  Zhang Jianxiong (张建雄), Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps 9th Division Party standing committee member and deputy division commander.

7.19: Wang Yifang (王义芳), deputy director of the Hebei Provincial People’s Congress Financial and Economic Affairs Committee.  Wang graduated from Wuhan University of Science and Technology (formerly Wuhan Institute of Iron and Steel) and has served in various capacities in Handan Steel Group Co. Ltd. and other steel companies.  He was most recently the chairman of the board, general manager, and Party committee deputy secretary of Hebei Iron and Steel Co.Ltd.

7.20:  Peng Huaizhong (彭怀忠), deputy inspector at Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives. Peng has worked in management positions in companies such as Liuzhou Steel Co. Ltd. and Guangxi Materials Group.  He was most recently the director, general manager, and Party committee deputy secretary of Guangxi Materials Group.

7.20:  Shen Yunwu (沈云伍), deputy general manager of Guangxi Materials Group.  Shen has worked in various management positions in companies such as Liuzhou Steel Co. Ltd. and Guizhou Fengxinyuan Mining Industry Co. Ltd. He was most recently the chairman of the board at Guizhou Fengxinyuan Mining Industry Co. Ltd.

7.21: Feng Jun (冯军), deputy secretary-general of Guangzhou Municipal Government, Guangdong Province.  He was previously the director of the Guangzhou City Construction and Planning Office and assisted in the work of the vice mayor.

7.22:  Song Deping (宋德平), former vice mayor of Foshan City, Guangdong Province.  Song graduated with a master’s degree in economics from Guangdong Provincial Party School and had served in various Party positions in Foshan City throughout his career.  He was most recently the secretary-general of Foshan Municipal Government.

CENTRAL MILITARY COMMISSION (CMC)

Fang Fenghui Meets with Thai Counterpart

Ministry of National Defense: Authoritative Announcements

7.19:  CMC Chief of the Joint Staff Department General Fang Fenghui (房峰辉) met with General Surapong Suwana-adth, Chief of the Joint Staff the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters, in Beijing. The meeting came after reports that Thailand may soon purchase three submarines from China. Fang discussed the improvement in China-Thailand military-to-military relations in recent years, which has led to a high degree of strategic mutual trust. The two militaries are working together in joint exercises, counter-terrorism, and strategic communication. Fang emphasized to Surapong that the South China Sea arbitration is void and meaningless, and does not rattle China’s firm determination to protect its sovereignty and maritime interests. Surapong said that Thailand hopes to continue to develop military-to-military relations with China, and that Thailand hopes that relevant parties in the South China Sea dispute will be solved through negotiation andconsultation.

Li Yuanchao Meets with Laos Defense Minister

Ministry of National Defense: Authoritative Announcements

7.19:  Chinese Vice President Li Yuanchao (李源潮) met with Laos Defense Minister Chansamone Channhalat in Beijing. The two leaders discussed the South China Sea dispute. Li said that China insists upon negotiation as the primary way to resolve the dispute, and thanked Laos for its support for China on that issue. He expressed hope that the two countries will continue to deepen their relationship toward a bilateral comprehensive strategic partnership. Chansamone Channhalat reportedly assured Li that Laos fully supports China’s position on the South China Sea, and hopes that the issue can be resolved through negotiation by relevant countries involved, and that Laos highly values its cooperation with China. As of 24 July at an annual gathering of ASEAN officials in Vientiane, Laos, ASEAN officials remained divided on how to address the South China Sea dispute and recent arbitration ruling at the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. Beijing has been accused of using its economic influence over Laos, this year’s host, in order to divide ASEAN on the topic.

OTHER

West Pushes Threat Theories Against “One Belt, One Road”

Qiushi

7.19:  An article from the CCP’s Qiushi Journal listed ten threat theories against China’s “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) initiative. As described in the piece, the theories are as follows: OBOR is meant to dump products related to industrial overcapacity, such steel, on the European market; the US conspires that OBOR will ignite new geopolitical problems for China, including with Russia; OBOR will ignite “clashes of civilization”; OBOR will create a new and different international order; OBOR is meant to export the Chinese development model; OBOR is meant to create Chinese economic imperialism; OBOR will devastate local eco-systems; OBOR is meant to revive the ancient tributary system toward China; OBOR is meant to “divide and conquer” (分而治之) the EU; and OBOR represents a “Yellow Peril” for Russia’s far east and for Central Asia. The article claimed that OBOR threat theories are likely supported by hostile Western forces, and that China needs to establish OBOR as a long-term strategy based on the principle of a “joint community of shared interests, responsibility, and destiny.”

South China Sea Arbitration Conference Held in Beijing

China Law Society

7.21:  The China Law Society, Chinese Society of International Law, and Chinese Society of the Law of the Sea brought together legal experts for a conference on the recent South China Sea arbitration case. Members of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, State Oceanic Administration, and various universities attended the conference to discuss the arbitration’s damage to Chinese sovereignty and maritime rights. China Law Society Party Secretary Chen Yiping (陈冀平) said that the decision ignored historical facts, distorted international law, and lacked objectivity. He said that as global competition intensifies, maritime rights will become a more important issue, and thinking about how to properly utilize and interpret maritime rights is essential. He called on China, as a strong supporter and protector of international law, to promote and build a more perfect international maritime legal system. Experts agreed that, because the substance of the case had to do with sovereignty over islands and reefs and maritime delimitation, UNCLOS does not apply. Therefore, the tribunal was an inappropriate place to resolve the dispute, and its judgment is meaningless.

INTERNATIONAL LIAISON WORK

Meetings: 18 July-24 July 2016

7.18:  International Department Vice Minister Zheng Xiaosong (郑晓松) met a European Parliamentary Committee Young Politician delegation led by Vice Chair of the European Parliamentary Committee on Transportation and Tourism István Ujhelyi in Beijing. Zheng spoke of recent positive developments in China-EU relations, making clear China’s commitment to working with European institutions to promote a cooperative relationship. Ujhelyi echoed Zheng’s statements, assuring him of Europe’s commitment to promote dialogue and exchanges.

7.19:  International Department Vice Minister Zheng Xiaosong met a Nepali Congress Party delegation led by member Ram Chandra Pokharel in Beijing. Both sides discussed the traditional friendship between China and Nepal, and opportunities to promote exchanges and cooperation. Pokharel reportedly stated that his party supported China’s stance on the South China Sea, and hopes the dispute can be resolved by all directly involved parties through negotiation andconsultation.

7.19:  International Department Minister Song Tao (宋涛) met former French Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin in Beijing. After expressing his condolences for the recent terrorist attack in Nice, Song Tao discussed the successful cooperation between China and France in the areas of nuclear energy, aviation, finance, agriculture, and sustainable development, and expressed China’s willingness to continue cooperation. Villepin reportedly told Song that he fully supports China’s position on the South China Sea issue.

7.19:   International Department Vice Minister Xu Lüping (徐绿平) met Hagos Ghebrehiwet, head of Economic Affairs of the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) of Eritrea. Both discussed the importance of China-Africa cooperation, and Ghebrehiwet affirmed his party’s and government’s support for China’s position on the South China Sea.

7.19:  International Department Vice Minister Liu Hongcai (刘洪才) met an Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party Syria Region delegation led by Ghassan Asaad, Secretary of the Tartous branch, in Beijing. Liu thanked the Ba’ath Party for supporting China’s stance on the South China Sea issue and its criticism of the tribunal’s ruling. The delegation expressed admiration for China’s impartial stance on regional and international affairs, and reportedly stated that China held indisputable rights over Taiwan and the islands and reefs in the South China Sea.

7.19:  International Department Vice Minister Guo Yezhou (郭业洲) met a Nazarbayev Center of Kazakhstan delegation led by Timur Shaimergenov, Deputy Director of the Center.  Guo pointed out the importance of strengthening inter-think tank exchanges to China-Kazakhstan relations, and both sides agreed on the importance of publicizing the benefits of bilateral cooperation in initiatives such as the Silk Road Economic Belt and the “Bright Road” (光明之路) new economicpolicy. The Bright Road project is Kazakhstan’s own plan to build infrastructure and boost its economy, and is in part meant to decrease the country’s economic reliance on Russia.

7.19:  International Department Vice Minister Zheng Xiaosong met an Italian Democratic Party youth delegation led by the Young Democrats representative Stefano Albano.  Zheng commented upon the historically friendly relations and frequent exchanges between China and Italy, and wished for the delegation to gain a deeper, objective understanding of China and the CCP during their visit. The delegation expressed the Party’s high regard for China’s 13th Five-Year Plan and initiatives such as One Belt, One Road (OBOR), and hoped to exchange experiences in state governance with the China.

7.21:  International Department Vice Minister Guo Yezhou met a delegation consisting of political leaders and think tank scholars from six African countries. Guo commented on Xi Jinping’s speech at the Johannesburg Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) as pointing the way for a new era of China-African cooperation, and expressed the desire to further the Chinese-African friendship.  The African delegation lauded Xi’s plan to carry out 10 major cooperation plans (十大合作计划) in Africa and wished that China could continue to represent developing nations on the world stage.

7.21:  International Department Minister Song Tao met Luxembourg’s Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Jean Asselborn in Beijing.  Song praised the diplomat’s contributions to China-Luxembourg and China-Europe relations, and thanked Luxembourg for its recognition and support for China’s core interests. Both sides pledged to further improve bilateral relations through party channels and cooperation in finance and commerce. Asselborn stated that as the EU confronts challenges that include terrorism, immigration, and the Brexit referendum, it needs to increase its cooperation with China.

7.22:  International Department Minister Song Tao met an Argentinian Republican Proposal Party (PRO) delegation in Beijing.  Song referenced Xi Jinping and Argentinian President Mauricio Macri’s consensus on bilateral relations during the Nuclear Security Summit in April, and pledged to advance cooperation in various realms through cooperation with the PRO as a governing party. The PRO delegation expressed their appreciation for friendly PRO-CCP relations, and wished to strengthen party-to-party exchange and cooperation.

ORGANIZATION WORK

Central Cadre Appointments: 18-24 July 2016

7.21:  14 individuals formerly holding positions at central government state-owned enterprises were appointed to various positions at companies and academic institutions, including the China Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Group, China Academy of Building Research, and the China Nonferrous Metal Mining Group Co., Ltd.

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