- The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) released its findings that the Propaganda Department has not performed well in its ideological work at universities. Qiushi journal published an article offering ideas on how to strengthen socialist values among university students, citing Xi Jinping’s assertion that the values of China’s youth will determine societal values in the future.
- The CCDI is preparing to develop a “CCP accountability provision” to promote cadre accountability and discipline, and thereby increase the public’s loyalty to the CCP.
- CCP Liaison Department meetings focused heavily on advancing the One Belt, One Road framework in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, and also sought to rally support for China’s position on the South China Sea arbitration case.
PARTY WATCH WEEKLY ANALYSIS
The term “innovation” has been a hot word these days in Chinese politics. It was one of the five high-frequency terms used by General Secretary Xi Jinping in his deliberations at this year’s National People’s Congress (NPC) and Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (the others were reform, people’s livelihood, ecology, and work style), and Xi went as far as to call China’s dearth of innovation the nation’s “Achilles’ Heel.” Such attention reflects the fact that innovation has been deemed the core driver needed to propel the nation’s economy and actualize the “China Dream.” Indeed, the Chinese leadership has announced big plans and demands related to innovation since the opening of this year’s “two sessions.” While addressing People’s Liberation Army (PLA) delegates at the NPC, Xi stated that the military’s future hinged on reform and innovation, and urged the military to focus on theoretical innovation in addition to technological innovation. During his May 30 speech at the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, Xi set the target for the country to become “one of the most innovative countries” by 2020, a leading innovator by 2030, and a global S&T power by 2049…
State Council Information Office
6.6: Xi Jinping delivered the keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the 8th China-U.S. Strategic and Economic Dialogue and the 7th China-U.S. High-Level Consultation on People-to-People Exchange in Beijing, in which he urged the U.S. and China to deepen mutual trust and cooperation in order to establish a New-Type of Major Country Relations (some English languagereporting on the speech at major Chinese news outlets notably excluded “New-Type of Major Country Relations” terminology). Xi celebrated recent developments in U.S.-China relations, saying that much has been accomplished since he met with President Obama at Sunnylands three years ago, where the two agreed to build a New Type of Major Country Relationship, namely: cooperation over the Korean Peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan, and Syria, bilateral trade and investment reaching a record high, and the three joint statements on climate change. Xi said the U.S. and China must enhance mutual trust, expand mutually beneficial cooperative ventures, and properly control diverging views on sensitive issues. He said the two countries should strengthen communication and cooperation on Asia-Pacific affairs by maintaining regular dialogue and cooperation in areas of mutual interest, and by practicing inclusive diplomacy rather than fostering an exclusive “circle of friends.” Xi also emphasized China’s contribution to global peace and prosperity, saying that China will unswervingly take the road of peaceful development, making win-win cooperation the core of international relations.
6.9: Xi Jinping pointed out in a conference on establishing a nation of strong socialist culture that the values of the youth population will determine the values of society in the future. An article from Qiushi explained how to enhance socialist core values among Chinese university students, which includes their cognitive identity (认知认同), emotional identity (情感认同), rational identity (理性认同), and behavioral identity (行为认同). Regarding cognitive identity, it is essential for universities to accurately teach the core values of socialism. Their emotional identity comes from humanistic care and promoting socialist core values in university management and culture in order to let students trust and live by socialist core values. Rational identity is asking university students to analyze and assess socialist core values and encouraging them to rationally think and judge based on these values. College students need to use socialist core values as the code of conduct for their daily lives, the piece said. The article emphasized that university students have to go through these four stages, step by step, in order to fully embrace the core values of socialism, which depends on the educational environment. The piece said that lecturers at universities have to utilize different resources, such as new media, to elaborate on the core value of socialism.
United Front Work Department
6.7: An article from the United Front Work Department claimed that strengthening the management of non-CCP representatives would help implement the policy of “the Party governs cadres and the Party governs talents” (党管干部、党管人才), improve the capabilities of non-CCP representatives, and demonstrate the advantage of a multi-party cooperation system. With regards to how to manage non-CCP representatives, the article stated that political guidance and ideological management are key in ensuring the correct political direction. The article also stated that the management of non-CCP representatives must be based on equality, self-will, communication, and positive guidance in order to understand their political actions, ideologies, responsibilities, and discipline. The piece emphasized that with regards to political positions and attitudes towards principal issues, it is important to transfer outside oversight and management into self-discipline. The United Front Work Department needs to coordinate and communicate with different departments and organizations in order to enhance the management of non-CCP representatives, the piece said. By utilizing information technology, democratic discussion, presentations, periodic examinations, and private conversations, the United Front Work Department hopes to categorize the management of non-CCP representatives.
United Front Work Department
6.7: During an inspection of Shanxi Province’s united front work progress, United Front Work Department Minister Sun Chunlan (孙春兰) visited private enterprises and religious temples, and held two conferences to gather opinions and suggestions from private entrepreneurs and religious groups. At these conferences, Sun praised the contribution of private entrepreneurs to Shanxi’s economy and promised to improve rule of law and the social environment in order to increase the confidence of private entrepreneurs. In addition, Sun called on private entrepreneurs to seize the opportunity of the 13th Five-Year Plan (FYP), follow the requirements of supply side reform, improve innovation, and accelerate industrial transformations and upgrades. Sun asked every level of the United Front Work Department to advance cooperation and communication with the private sector. On united front work regarding religious groups in Shanxi Province, Sun stated that Shanxi has five major religions. Religions have to be Sinicized (坚持宗教中国化方向) and guided by the core value of socialism in order to ensure correct religious doctrine and patriotism. It is necessary to use legal means to solve religious issues and guide religious groups toward national awareness, civic awareness, and legal awareness.
6.7: Recently, Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) Wang Qishan (王岐山) attended two conferences in Beijing and Liaoning Province to collect suggestions for creating a “CCP accountability provision” (中国共产党问责条例). During these two conferences, Wang emphasized that the foundation of loyalty toward the CCP is for Party cadres to be held accountable. The process of creating the provision was said to unify thoughts and send a strong signal that every CCP committee, committee of discipline inspection, and CCP organization must implement an accountability policy in order to ensure strict Party discipline. Issues of weak CCP leadership, capacity, and discipline were said to stem from a lack of leadership from CCP cadres and committees. The CCP Central Committee is serious about the accountability of CCP cadres, Wang emphasized. The provision aims to “seize the critical few” and ensure that CCP committees at every level discover problems and follow Party discipline.
6.8: After a two-month investigation into the Central Propaganda Department, the CCDI released its findings at a conference in Beijing, where they criticized the Propaganda Department for failing to effectively control the media and internet. The CCDI reported that through extensive interviews and investigations into documents, the department successfully completed their investigation and prepared a report released on their website. The main problems were said to be a weak understanding of the “four recognitions,” weak political awareness of many leading cadres, and a gap between central decision-making and publicity and ideological work. The report said the weak points of the Propaganda Department are in controlling new media as well as the ideological and political work of colleges and universities. Wang Huaichen (王怀臣), leader of the inspection team, said that some of the root causes of these problems are a lack of Party leadership, poor Party-building, and poor Party discipline. He said it was necessary to strengthen the Party’s leadership over ideological work.
6.6: Yao Zhongmin (姚中民), former chief supervisor of China Development Bank. He has held executive and Party positions at financial institutions including China Construction Bank, and was elected director of Sinopec Corp’s third session of the board of directors. In early 2015, Yao was found in violation of the Eight-Point Regulation (八项规定).
6.6: Xia Zuchang (夏祖昌), former National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) inspector for Henan Province. Xia joined the CCP in 1985 and most recently served as Henan Province NHFPC leading Party group member and Deputy Chief.
6.7: Ding Yinghui (丁英辉), former executive vice mayor of Handan City, Hebei Province. He was most recently a member of the Handan City Party standing committee and deputy secretary for the Handan City Government’s leading Party group. Ding has an educational background in economics and has held leadership positions in the Xinle County Foreign Trade Bureau, Yuanshi County CCP Political and Legal Affairs Committee, and the Hebei Provincial Industry and Commerce Administration.
6.8: Wang Dezhou (王德周), former Henan Province Public Security Bureau Party Committee member and inspector.
6.8: Wang Yuankai (王元开), Party group standing committee member of Nanchuan District, Chongqing. Wang joined the CCP in 1992 and rose through the ranks of the Jiulongpo District People’s Government in Chongqing. Recent posts include Secretary of the Party Working Committee of the Chongqing Peng Industrial Park West.
6.8: Tao Rongqian (陶荣铅), vice mayor of Baise City, Guangxi Autonomous Region. He has served in the Fangchenggang city government in various capacities as Economic and Trade Commission director, Municipal Development and Reform Commission director, and Municipal Science and Technology Bureau chief.
6.8: Qian Fangli (钱芳莉), Chairwoman of Zhuhai Municipal Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Guangdong Province. In addition to several municipal leadership positions, she served as president of the CCP Zhuhai Party School from 2008 to 2011. Qian holds a master’s degree in economics from Guangdong Provincial Party School and an MBA from Sun Yat-sen University. She also participated in academic programs at the University of Chicago, Sydney University, National University of Singapore, and Hong Kong PolytechnicUniversity.
Ministry of National Defense: Authoritative Announcements
6.7: The CMC National Defense Mobilization Department released a notification that all testing centers for the PLA and People’s Armed Police (PAP) academy entrance examination must set up and announce a supervision hotline for testers to report any staff misconduct. The 8 June test was held at the same time as the national Gaokao examination. This year, 64,500 candidates at 256 testing centers were tested. The Chinese military has had serious corruption problems with its examinations; test takers paying exorbitant fees to secure passing grades have been common in previous years.
6.7: An article written by the Leading Small Group for National Philosophy and Social Science Planning Deputy Head Yin Hanning (尹汉宁) discussed the construction of a socialist political culture in China based on Xi Jinping’s 5 September, 2014 speech at the celebration of the 60thanniversary of the National People’s Congress (NPC). The article extrapolates upon his speech but makes clear that Xi’s speech, an example of “brilliant Marxist thought,” is the definitive guide to building a political culture based on democratic socialism. First, in Xi’s speech, Xi explained that the relationship between political development and the overall development of a country is fundamental. Since China is still a developing country, staying on the correct political path is crucial, because a country’s political development plays a decisive role in its social and economic development, Xi stated. Second, Xi made clear that the NPC is the choice of history and the Chinese people. Third, Xi discussed adhering to the “four musts” for CCP cadres: they must unswervingly adhere to the CCP, they must “be the master of their own house” (当家作主), they must promote the rule of law, and they must adhere to democratic centralism. Fourth, Xi put forth eight criteria for evaluating a country’s political system, including: the state’s ability to carry out legal and orderly leadership transitions; the ability for all sectors of a society to effectively participate in national political life and national decision-making; whether or not the ruling party governs in accordance with constitutional law; and the effective control of the use of power. While discussing these criteria, Yin made clear that even if a country does not hold elections, it can still embody these democratic ideals. Fifth, Xi discussed “proceeding from reality and national conditions” when designing and developing a country’s political system. Yin wrote that the political system of each country is unique and determined by the people of the country, the long-term development of cultural traditions, and economic and social developments.
China Law Society
6.8: The “Hundred Jurists and Hundred Lectures” (百名法学家百场报告会) activity on rule of law propaganda, otherwise called the “Double Hundred” (双百), took place at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, presided over by China Law Society President Wang Lequan (王乐泉). China Law Society Party Leadership Group Secretary Chen Jiping (陈冀平) delivered the public lecture. The Supreme People’s Court Party Leadership Group Deputy Secretary Jiang Bixin (江必新) delivered an address on “Implementing the Rule of Law for Guaranteeing the Five Development Concepts.” In his address, Chen noted that this year’s “Double Hundred” activity identified six major aspects of rule of law propagation: one, Xi Jinping’s important thinking on the construction of the rule of law; two, implementing rule of law for guaranteeing the five development concepts; three, bringing economic and social development into the rule of law arena; four, advancing legal governance and accelerating the construction of a government based upon rule of law; five, persevering with national security concepts and safeguard national security according to the rule of law; and six, using rule of law to promote an ecological civilization. Jiang stated in his speech that economic and social development cannot take place in the absence of rule of law, as development requires a stable environment. He said the current problems arising in China’s development are definitely connected to the incomplete development of rule of law, but under the leadership of the CCP Central Committee, the people can comprehensively promote the rule oflaw.
6.6: International Department Vice Minister Guo Yezhou (郭业洲) met with International Crisis Group President and former UN Under-Secretary General Jean-Marie Guéhenno in Beijing. They exchanged views on Afghanistan, the Middle East, and the South China Sea. Guo told Guéhenno that the South China Sea issue has been exaggerated due to sensationalization of the problem, saying that China has always advocated for freedom of navigation and peaceful resolution of disputes through negotiation and consultation. Guéhenno reportedly stated that the South China Sea is far from a crisis, and that UNCLOS does not take on the responsibility of ruling over sovereignty disputes. He said that China and other nations should engage in consultations to solve these disputes instead of appealing to UNCLOS, according to the International Department.
6.6: International Department Vice Minister Zhou Li (周力) met with Cuban Minister of Construction Rene Mesa Villafana in Beijing. The two discussed ways to deepen cooperation between the two nation’s communist parties as well as their respective construction industries.
6.7: International Department Vice Minister Zhou Li met with a delegation of Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria Party parliament members led by Party Vice-Chairman Tsvetan Tsvetanov in Beijing. Zhou discussed cooperation on the China-Europe 16+1 Initiative as well as the “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) Initiative. He also discussed China’s stance on the South China Sea issue. Tsvetanov reportedly stated his party’s belief that the most effective way to resolve territorial disputes is through peaceful consultations, and hoped that both sides of involved parties would utilize consultations.
6.7: International Department Minister Song Tao (宋涛) met with Uzbekistan Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulaziz Komilov in Tashkent. Song pledged China’s commitment to strengthening ties with Uzbekistan, including through close collaboration in the UN and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Komilov stated that China is Uzbekistan’s important strategic partner, and that Uzbekistan supports China’s positions regarding its core interests.
6.7: International Department Minister Song Tao met Speaker of the Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly Legislative Chamber Nurdinjon Ismailov in Tashkent. Song stated that the China-Uzbek strategic partnership adheres to both countries’ mutual interests, and that the OBOR initiative has opened up new realms for strategic cooperation. Ismailov thanked the Chinese for upholding Uzbekistan’s territorial sovereignty, and both sides agreed upon the need to further party-to-party exchange and communicate on both a strategic and societal level.
6.7: International Department Minister Song Tao met Speaker of the Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly Senate Nigmatilla Yuldashev in Tashkent. Song stated that China and Uzbekistan are strategic partners through thick and thin, and that work toward a community of common destiny (命运共同体) is the common direction of both countries. Song said that both sides must strengthen party-to-party relations and deepen cooperative frameworks under the OBOR initiative. Yuldashev expressed high regard for the China-Uzbekistan strategic partnership and expressed his country’s wish to further develop bilateral relations through parliamentary and party-to-partyexchange.
6.8: International Department Minister Song Tao met Zoir Mirzaev, governor of Uzbekistan’s Samarqand Province, in Tashkent. Song hoped for the Samarqand Region’s committed participation in the construction of OBOR, and pledged to aid Samarqand in commercial, educational, cultural, tourism, and historic preservation efforts under the framework of OBOR. Mirzaev agreed and expressed his hope that OBOR can serve as a catalyst for Samarqand to expand cooperation with China in various realms.
6.10: International Department Minister Song Tao met Speaker of the Kazakhstan Parliament Senate Kassym-Jomart Tokayev in Astana. Both sides praised the development of the China-Kazakhstan comprehensive strategic partnership, and pledged to further party-to-party communication and cooperation in counterterrorism efforts and other issues in international and regional affairs, building upon the important agreements reached by both countries’ leaders. Song expressed China’s willingness to deepen cooperation under the OBOR framework, and stated that the “China Dream” and “Kazakhstan Dream” complement one another.
6.11: International Department Minister Song Tao met Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Karim Massimov in Astana. Song stated China’s willingness to implement the agreements reached by both countries’ leaders, deepen cooperation on various fronts, and support Kazakhstan’s counterterrorism efforts. Massimov pledged Kazakhstan’s support for the “One China Principle” and other Chinese core interests, and wished to further cooperation under the OBOR initiative.
6.6: Li Dong (李东) was confirmed to be the new director of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)’s Equipment Industry Department (under a one-year probationperiod). He was previously the deputy director of that department.
6.6: Guo Xiang (郭翔) was confirmed to be the new deputy director of MIIT’s Consumer Goods Industry Department (under a one-year trial period). He was previously the head of both the Department of Consumer Goods’ Food Office and Pharmaceuticals Office under MIIT.
6.7: Wei Hongtao (魏洪涛) was confirmed to be the new China National Tourism Administration (CNTA) vice chairman. He was previously personnel department director of CNTA.
6.7: Li Yangzhe (李仰哲) was appointed as the new National Energy Administration deputydirector. He was previously the director of the National Development and Reform Commission’s (NDRC’s) National Energy Conservation Center and head of the NDRC’s Bureau of Economic Operations Adjustment.
6.7: Yang Yingming (杨英明) was appointed as the executive director for China at the WorldBank. He was previously the deputy director of the Ministry of Finance’s International Financial Cooperation Department.
6.8: Gao Zhidan (高志丹) was confirmed to be the new deputy minister of the State General Administration of Sports. He was previously the assistant minister and leading Party group member of the State General Administration of Sports.